By P.V. Gopalakrishnan
The Great Poet Mahakavi Subramanya Bharathiyar lived his times in utter poverty & died unsung in his times. When one reads his poems the reader is sure to experience goose bumps! Such a spirited Poet that he was, his untimely death in 1921 at a very young age of thirty nine, drew only a handful of mourners in his funeral procession!
He is, perhaps, the first ever Poet to have has the honour of being named a ‘National Poet’, that too posthumously! This happened in 1949 after our Indian Independence.
Sequel to the death of Bharathi, his widow Chellammal along with Bharathi’s two daughters, Thangammal & Sakunthala, compelled by their utter poverty, were constrained to relinquish the rights over Bharathi’s works by selling them to AVM for a sum of Rupees Nine thousand five hundred (then a princely sum). AVM have used many of the Bharathi poems in their Tamil films, which became very widely popular.
However, over a process that lasted over five years from 1944 to 1949, the then Government of Madras nationalized the works of Bharathi in 1949, through the offices of four Chief Ministers. Prior to that though there were many notable voices that strongly demanded such nationalization of Bharath’s works, it was during the term of Omandur Ramasamy Reddiyar as Chief Minister it materialized finally. However, it was only by 1955, the works of Bharathi reached public domain when the then Finance Minister C. Subramaniam announced the decision of allowing all to publish Bharathi’s works.
However, unintentional of the Great Poet Bharathi, some of his beautiful poems later turned into film songs, set to mellifluous music compositions by noted Music Directors & rendered by top Artistes in various time frames.
The most recent songs that captured our attention was in the Tamil Film ‘Bharathi’ (2000), wherein Sayaji Shinde portrayed Bharathi. This biographical film on Bharathi had the lilting music of Isai Gnani ILayaraja & delivered few of his poems.
But, going back in time travel, very many films have had Bharathiyar written songs used in various filmy sequences. It all started with AVM who pioneered the way to copiously use Bharathi songs in his films (as he held recording rights for the songs) such as Naam Iruvar (1947), Vedhala Ulagam (1948) & Vazhkkai (1949), all in the amazing music compositions of Sudarsanam. In fact even today, these songs are known in these very tunes that Sudarsanam composed them in.
In ‘Kappalottiya Thamizhan’ some of Bharathiyar’s compositions were featured, in various voices.
To my knowledge, nearly forty songs have been featured in Tamil films, in various situations, which I have enlisted below. However, there could be few more in addition to my list.
|Alphabetically, Song||Film||Year||Music Director||Sung By|
|Aaduvome Palli||Naam Iruvar||1947||R.Sudarsanam||D.K.Pattammal|
|Chinna kuzhandaigal pol||Kappal ottiya Thamizhan||1961||G.Ramanathan||P.Suseela|
|Chinnanchiru kiliye||Manamagal||1951||C.R.Subbaraman||MLV, V.N.Sundaram|
|Cooli Miga ketpar||Nalla Thangai||1955||G.Ramanathan||G.Ramanathan|
|Engirundo vanthan||Padikkatha Medhai||1960||K.V.Mahadevan||Sirgazhi Govindarajan|
|Enru thaniyum intha||Kappal ottiya Thamizhan||1961||G.Ramanathan||Tiruchi Loganathan|
|Kaani nilam vendum||Andaman Kathali||1952||Govindarajulu Naidu||MLV, C.S.Jayaraman|
|Kalviyil sirantha||Vedhala Ulagam||1948||R.Sudarsanam||T.R.Mahalingam|
|Kannan mana nilaiyai||Ezhai pdum paadu||1950||S.M.Subbiah Naidu||MLV|
|Katru Veliyidai||Kappal ottiya Thamizhan||1961||G.Ramanathan||P.Suseela, P.B.Srinivas|
|Manadhil urudhi vendum||Kalvanin kathali||1955||Govindarajulu Naidu||TMS|
|Mangiyathor nilavinile||Pavai Vilakku||1960||K.V.Mahadevan||C.S.Jayaraman|
|Nenjil uramum inri||Kappal ottiya Thamizhan||1961||G.Ramanathan||Sirgazhi Govindarajan|
|Oadi vilayadu papa||Vadhala ulagam||1948||R.Sudarsanam||T.S.Bhagavathi, M.S.Rajeswari|
|Oadi vilayadu papa||Kappal ottiya Thamizhan||1961||G.Ramanathan||Sirgazhi, Jamuna Rani|
|Parukkulle Nalla Naadu||Kappal ottiya Thamizhan||1961||G.Ramanathan||Sirgazhi Govindarajan|
|Senthamizh naadenum||Raja Rajan||1957||K.V.Mahadevan||U.Sarojini|
|Sindhu nadiyin misai||Kai Kodutha Deivam||1964||MSV-TKR||TMS, L.R.Easwari|
|Solai malar oliyo||Naam Iruvar||1947||R.Sudarsanam||T.R.Mahalingam, T.S.Bhagavathi|
|Solla Vallayo Kiliye||Koondu Kili||1954||K.V.Mahadevan||T.V.Rathinam|
|Thaneer vittom valarthom||Kappal ottiya Thamizhan||1961||G.Ramanathan||Tiruchi Loganathan|
|Thayin manikodi pareer||Naam Iruvar||1947||R.Sudarsanam||D.K.Pattammal|
|Theeradha vilayattu pillai||Vedhala Ulagam||1948||R.Sudarsanam||D.K.Pattammal|
|Thoondir puzhuvinai pol||Vedhala Ulagam||1948||R.Sudarsanam||D.K.Pattammal|
|Vande matharam enbom||Kappal ottiya Thamizhan||1961||G.Ramanathan||Sirgazhi Govindarajan|
|Vazhiya Senthamizh||Naam Iruvar||1947||R.Sudarsanam||Devanarayanan, T.S.Bhagavathi|
|Vellai kamalathile||Gowri Kalyanam||1966||MSV||Sulamangalam Rajalakshmi|
|Vellai thamarai||Thai Ullam||1952||V.Nagaiah, A.Rama Rao||MLV|
|Velli pani malai||Kappal ottiya Thamizhan||1961||G.Ramanathan||Sirgazhi, Tiruchi Loiganathan, L.R.Easwari|
|Vetri ettu thikkum etta||Naam Iruvar||1947||R.Sudarsanam||D.K.Pattammal|
|Viduthalai Viduthalai||Naam Iruvar||1947||R.Sudarsanam||T.R.Mahalingam|
Kavimani Desiya Vinyagam Pillai had composed a song, ‘Paattukkoru pulavan Bharathiyada’, in honour of Bharathi which too had featured in the film ‘Paithiyakkaran’ (1947), composed by C.R.Subbaraman & M.S.Gnanamani.
Here below we are giving links to some of the videos containing Bharathiyar songs in films.
Chinnam chiru kiliye:
Katru veliyidai Kannamma:
Parukkulle nalla nadu:
Theeratha vilayattu pillai:
Sindhu nadhiyin isai:
Aaduvome pallu paduvome:
Oadi vilaiyadu papa:
Suttum vizhi sudar thaan Kannamma:
These days, you hardly get to hear Bharathi’s lyrics in Tamil films. For that matter, you hardly even make out what the lyrics are, in most songs. Those were the times when lyrical beauty held a song close to your heart. This is the reason as to why we can still remember the words of the old film music. Gone are those days, now rhythm & tune override lyrics and if at all one could make them out in the whole din, they cannot live in your memory.